The bows we use in our beginner courses are take down recurve bows. The bow can be taken apart down to it basic parts, the riser, two limbs and a string this is why it is called a taken down bow. The word recurve comes from the shape of the limbs of the bow which curve away from the archer.
The riser is the solid centre section of the bow and does not bend, the riser is considered the foundation of the bow as it is where the limbs and most other pieces of equipment on the bow are attached.
The limbs are the upper and lower flexing parts of the bow, usually made from laminated wood or synthetic foam. It is to the ends of the limbs that the sting is attached. The limbs store and release energy, driving the arrow forward when the shot is executed.
The string that attaches to the end of both limbs and transforms stored energy from the limbs into kinetic energy in the arrow.
Nocking points are two points on the string referencing where the arrow is to be placed. The arrow it put in between the two points.
The front end of the arrow sits on the arrow rest when the arrow in in the bow.
A sight consists of movable aperture and or pin used as a reference to aim, a sight bar which is fixed to the riser, and a sight block, the pin is attached to the sight block which moves up and down the sight bar. The sight will usually have a scale allowing the archer to position the sight in the same place after it has been removed.
Arrows come in many sizes and materials, the most common materials foe arrows are carbon, aluminium and wood. The arrow has four basic parts, the shaft, the point or pile, the nock and the fletching.
The shaft is the long cylindrical part of the arrow.
The point is a metal point inserted in the front end of the shaft usually shaped like a bullet to allow easy penetration of the target without causing too much damage.
The nock is place on the back end of the shaft, it will have a grove which will hold the arrow onto the string.
The fletching on an arrow is the vanes on the back end on the arrow, they act as stabilisers for the arrow as it is flying through the air. Sometime there will be one odd fletch this is the index fletch used to tell which way the arrow shout be put in the bow, it should always be facing the archer.
A finger tab is a piece of material, usually leather, placed between the fingers and the string, protecting the fingers from the pressure and friction of the string.
An arm guard is a piece of material placed on the bow arm to protect against the string hitting he arm upon release. Arm guards are made from a variety of materials including plastic and leather.
A chest guard ensures that an archer's clothing does not touch or deflect the bowstring.
A strap or cord attached to the bow handle, wrist or fingers to prevent the bow from falling from the hand.
Once an archer has finished the beginner course they can invest in their own equipment this should include the following which are listed by importance:
- Bow ( Riser, limbs, string, arrow rest)
- Finger tab
- Arm guard
- Bow stringer
- Long rod
- Bow stand
- Bow bag